Discover Hawaii : Discover Hawaii 2013
THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS A vintage engraving depicting the harbour at Honolulu in the 1860s. Tall ships are visible in the working harbour. HAWAIIAN HISTORY IN BRIEF Hawaiʻi became the USA’s 50th state in 1959, but its history goes back some 1500 years when Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands near Tahiti miraculously sailed more than 3,200 kilometres in canoes, with only the stars to guide them. They first set foot on the largest and most southern of the Hawaiian islands, Hawaiʻi Island. Enhance your time on the Hawaiian Islands by visiting some of the fascinating heritage sites and embracing cultural experiences that celebrate Hawaiʻi’s rich heritage. 1778 1779 1810 1820 1893 1898 1900s 7 DECEMBER 1941 2 SEPTEMBER 1945 Statue of Captain James Cook in the city of Waimea. 8 DISCOVER HAWAI’I Captain James Cook lands at Waimea Bay, Kaua’i, and names the archipelago the ‘Sandwich Islands’ in honour of the Earl of Sandwich. Cook is killed in Kealakekua Bay, Hawai‘i Island. Kamehameha unites the warring factions into one royal kingdom. The first Protestant missionaries arrive and Hawai‘i soon becomes a port for seamen, traders and whalers. American colonists control much of Hawai‘i’s economy and force a peaceful yet controversial coup of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Hawaiʻi becomes a territory of the United States. Sugar and pineapple plantations fuel Hawaiʻi’s economy, attracting an influx of Japanese, Chinese, Filipino and Portuguese workers. The Japanese launch a surprise attack on Pearl Harbour, O‘ahu. Japan signs an unconditional surrender on USS Battleship Missouri. The battleship still rests in Pearl Harbour today.
Discover Hawaii Guide
Discover Hawaii 2014